Enclosure, Light and Bedding for Ball Python

By: Mary
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Expert pet owners are aware of the misconception of the idea that ball pythons prefer small dark boxes with less moving space compared to huge enclosures. If you prefer a ball python for a pet, do not be deceived. Research indicates that such tiny and dark enclosures are associated with less mental enrichment and stimulation. Such an act violates animal welfare. Ball python needs to be as comfy as other animals in an enclosure. This article will give an insight into enclosure, light and bedding for ball python.

A 300 grams ball python hatchling requires to be put in an enclosure that can accommodate 10 gallons. This tank can be 20” by 11” by 13” in dimension. A 40 gallons tank should be used to house juvenile ball pythons that are up to 3 cm long. Such a cage should be measuring 36” by 18” by 18”. If you have a ball python adult that has a length of over 3’, make sure to use a tank of at least 120 gallons for its enclosure. The tank should have a floor of 8 sq. feet and a height of 2’ to allow the climbing factor.

Types of Enclosures

When it comes to choosing an ball python enclosure, you can use a PVC or plastic cage, melamine or wood cage or a storage bin or tubs or even glass. Glass makes it easy to control heat within the cage due to its ability to dissipate heat more efficiently than other materials. It is also very attractive and easy to clean and maintain. For PVC or plastic enclosures, you should know that they are very durable, attractive and easy to clean.

Their lightweight nature makes them more portable than enclosures made of glass. Melamine cages are easy to acquire, relatively lightweight and inexpensive. However, they are not the best in humid environments. Tubs, on the other hand, might not be the best for mature ball pythons because they do not offer enough space.


Ball pythons are reptiles that need access to natural light for their survival. The light spectrum of the natural light is rich in vitamin D3 that is essential for calcium synthesis. If the python does not have aces to the natural light, you should look for an artificial source of light with a light spectrum that is close enough to the natural light. They use their skins and eyes to absorb this radiation. Enough amount of radiation makes it easy for the pythons to perceive the exact time of the day and the seasons. Through this, they are able to adjust their general behaviours accordingly. It also contributes to a good immune system.

However, the most essential bit is the creation of a robust skeletal structure for the animal. Calcium from the food consumed by the animal is very necessary for the formation of the animal bones. The most essential light supply is the one that lasts for 12 hours with a 12 hour night gap. During the winter, the number of daylight hours should be decreased to 12 and increased to 14 in summer. This is essential in mimicking the natural environment. However, a full spectrum light is not very essential because these pythons get enough vitamin D3 from their diet.


Snakes are more comfortable in environments where they can easily hide. The kind of bedding that you provide should provide such a service. Moreover, make sure that it does not have a chemical that can cause skin or respiratory problems to the python. The kind of bedding that produces dust is also not healthy. Beddings such as paper beddings decompose easily producing dust that can cause respiratory issues. Aspen shavings and reptile carpet can be used instead. Moreover, you should consider the kind of bedding that has a high rate of absorption in order to control dust, odour and moisture within the cage. Also, avoid shavings from cider and pine since the oil in them has chemicals that are pathologically detrimental to your ball python.


To keep your ball python comfortable and healthy, you will need to make the best options for its enclosure, lighting and bedding. The nature of the bedding that you choose should be the kind that the python can hide in. it should not have chemicals that can cause health complications and should be dust free. It should also have good absorption ability. Choose an enclosure that is big enough and comfy for the animal and a lighting system that provides enough UVB light for 12 hours a day to the animal.